The first phase of the Community Monitoring component of NRHM is being implemented in nine states of the country. These are Assam, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
In each state, nodal organisations were identified at the state, district and block levels for the implementation of the community monitoring programme.
In each of these states a number of districts were selected (between three and five depending upon the number of districts in the state) on the basis of regional diversity as well as the presence of a credible district level NGO/ Civil Society Organisation which can facilitate the implementation. In each of these districts three blocks were chosen for the first phase, and from among these three blocks the operational area of three PHCs was selected. Five villages were selected for initiating Community Monitoring in each of the three PHC areas. This leads to a total of 36 districts spread across these nine states. In each district, three blocks were identified giving total 108 blocks. In each of these blocks, three PHCs were identified giving total 324 PHCs. In each PHC area, five revenue villages shall be identified giving total 1620 villages.